Flowers, red roses
5 Wonders Of The World’s Smallest Flower
There are more than 250,000 flowering plants in the world. Each offers a beauty of their own. Red
roses are the most popular flowers that not only bring pleasure in friendship and romance, but
provide practical uses and valuable health properties. Roses are edible and contain vitamin c. They are
commonly used to make a delicious tea. Other blooms are edible as well, being used for casseroles,
soups, and salads. With all the amazing attributes that a flower has to offer, we are still yet to learn
about the remarkable qualities of plants that may cause one to marvel, including the 5 Wonders of the
world’s smallest flower, the wolffia.
The wolffia, also known as watermeal, is the smallest flower in the world. The plant is about 1/42” long
and 1/85” wide. That is similar to the size of a sprinkle candy used on cakes. A dozen of these plants in
full bloom can easily fit on a pinhead. To see the perfect structure of this plant you would have to use a
The wolffia species weighs only 1/190,000 of an ounce. That is equal to two grains of salt. If you were to
fill a thimble with the tiny plants, you would use approximately 5000 of them.
3. Produces Fruit
With the wolffia being so small, it’s hard to believe that it can produce fruit, but it does. Naturally, the
world’s smallest flower produces the world’s smallest fruit which is called a Utricle.
Wolffia plants grow in marshes, ponds, slow-moving streams, and freshwater lakes. They have no
roots, and float on top of the water, often appearing as cornmeal. During the summer months, when
temperatures are at its warmest, these tiny plants can literally cover water surfaces like a bright green
mat. Distribution occurs when wind, ducks, muskrats or other water animals, carry it from one body
of water to another. Some records in the southeastern United States have reported wolffia being
transported by means of tornados, or the water of melted hailstones.
Wolffia is used for food purposes. They contain around 40 percent protein, which is as much as the
soybean. Countries such as Thailand, Laos, and Burma cultivate it, collecting it from the water and
eating it as a vegetable. Pharmaceutical companies are studying the plant due to its ability to fabricate
proteins. Wolffia provides food for various species of waterfowl and fish. India, Africa, and Southeast
Asia use these highly nutritious plants to feed their cattle and pigs.
The Wolffia produces a single pistil and stamen within a floral cavity. The roundish body of the flower
is called a thallus. The plant doesn’t commonly flower since their method of reproduction is primarily
vegetative. There are about 11 different species of wolffia in the world, in which all are distinguished but
must be identified with magnification.
Truly the wolffia is remarkable in all of its features. It is amazing that such a tiny and unique plant
can attribute so much to the world. With so many different flower varieties, there are many other
enlightening wonders to discover. By appreciating even the smallest things in life, we can recognize the
big miracles around us, and the amazing things we can accomplish each day.